Which state has the best drinking water in Australia?

Posted October 18, 2017 14:41:32

A city in Queensland has been judged to have the best-tasting drinking water in Australia, with Toowoomba receiving the top gong by popular vote in today’s third annual Best Tap Water in Australia competition.

The winning sample was taken from Toowoomba Regional Council’s Mt Kynoch Scheme.

Water Industry Operators Association of Australia chief operation officer Craig Mathisen said competition this year had been stiff.

Water providers in each state blind tasted samples at their annual conferences to choose finalists for the national competition, where 150 tasters made the final decision.

Finalists included Icon Water in the ACT, SA Water, Goulburn Valley Water in Victoria, and Fenton in Tasmania.

“All the samples were at the high end. Australia is very fortunate to have high-quality drinking water across all of our communities,” Mr Mathisen said.

“It’s an interesting competition and for us it’s a real celebration of what the businesses and operators do 24/7.”

What does water taste like?

“It surprises a lot of people that water has different tastes depending on where it comes from,” Mr Mathisen said.

It’s not until you actually taste samples from various parts of the state or the country that you start to notice some discernible differences.

“A lot of the time it can be dependent on the source of the water.”

Professor Peter Scales, from Melbourne University’s Department of Chemical Engineering, said most of Australia’s drinking water was surface water, sourced from reservoirs.

Aquifer water was used in Perth, Adelaide and various inland sites.

Professor Scales said all drinking water was put through a purifying process to remove particulates and organic compounds, and to adjust the salt component, which contributed to differences in taste and aesthetics.

“A lot of people don’t like water from Adelaide or Perth because it’s quite salty water,” he said.

“Typically waters from mountain streams that don’t have very much salt, organics or toxins tend to be the best-tasting waters.

“But there is quite a subjective nature to what is a good water. People have different tastes.”

Clear and transparent competition

Samples in the final competition were judged on a variety of features including colour, clarity and odour.

Mr Mathisen said the best water had to be clear and transparent, but the true test was taste.

He said 150 tasters from Launceston, the town that took home last year’s title, had been surprised by the variation of the water samples taken from around Australia.

“Some [samples] had a bit more of a murkiness to them, but they were all of a very high quality,” Mr Mathisen said.

“[Tasters] were interested that water doesn’t just taste the same — that was probably the main message we received.”

Toowoomba will now represent Australia at the International Water Tasting Competition in America in February.

“The community of Toowoomba will be rapt with the news,” Mr Mathisen said.

“There’s no cash prize but there’s a lot of bragging rights.

“Obviously it helps those communities celebrate the water and have the communities think about their water supplies, which is really the result we’re trying to achieve.”

Topics: environment, water, water-management, water-supply, mount-kynoch-4350, toowoomba-4350, sa, launceston-7250, merrijig-3723, mount-stromlo-2611

ACT government refuses to back Turnbull energy plan until more detail is given

Australia’s states and territories are extremely unlikely to sign-up to the Turnbull government’s “weak” new energy policy until more detail is provided, the ACT’s energy minister says.

State and territory governments were briefed on the proposal during a heated phone call with federal Energy Minister Josh Frydenberg on Tuesday night.

ACT Energy Minister Shane Rattenbury said there was an immense sense of frustration from COAG members during the call.

“We got a six page letter outlining this strategy with no economic modelling, and they are telling us this is the model we have to adopt,” he said. 

“The conference call was palpably angry, both at the weak nature of the proposal, and the poor process the federal government has gone through.”

Although there were suggestions the federal government wanted the new plan agreed ahead of a COAG energy ministers meeting in November, Mr Rattenbury said was unlikely to happen.

“The states and territorys are saying, ‘Hang on, how can you expect us to sign up to this’.

“We would be very reluctant to sign it off. We would need to see more detail and make sure there is sufficient ambition in this program.”

Mr Rattenbury said the lack of detail in the proposal made it hard for governments to take it seriously.

“What we are seeing is a proposal that is business as usual, it locks in a role for coal and gas,” he said.

“It feels more like a wish and prayer than a serious proposal.” 

The ACT government remained committed to moving to 100 per cent renewable energy and continuing to reduce the territory’s emissions, Mr Rattenbury added.

Despite pitching the policy as a salve to price-weary power consumers, the federal government also conceded the predicted savings had been based on preliminary analysis, with detailed modelling yet to be carried out.

The Turnbull government has sought to reset the national energy debate by announcing energy companies will be forced to meet mandated standards of reliability and emissions reduction, which would reduce the risk of blackouts and drive prices down.

The government will need all the national electricity market states – NSW, Victoria, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania and the ACT – to agree to its national energy guarantee to implement it.

Labour governments from South Australia, Victoria and now the ACT have spoken against the proposal.

“There is frustration among the states and territories at a number of things,” said Mr Rattenbury.

“The way the commonwealth has put this package together without our consultation and presented it as a fait accompli.”

The conservative NSW government has been more receptive to the plan, saying it was a strong supporter of electricity market reform.

Australian Energy Council chief executive Matthew Warren endorsed the policy but said COAG agreement would  be critical.

“Without that we won’t achieve policy stability and we will continue to see the investment uncertainty that has occurred over the past decade in the energy sector,” he warned. 

Man refused bail for alleged assaults on pregnant partner

A Canberra man was refused bail on Tuesday after allegedly launching a violent assault on his pregnant partner in the middle of the night.

In an incident lasting hours, the 35-year-old dragged the woman by the hair and kicked her in the stomach before threatening her with two kitchen knives, a police statement of facts tendered in court alleges.

The man, who has not been named to protect the identity of his partner, pleaded not guilty to all charges during his appearance in the ACT Magistrates Court.

Prosecutors opposed his release on bail.

The Phillip man had been drinking when he returned to his unit about 2am on Monday and pulled his partner from bed by her hair, the documents allege.

“He was verbally abusive towards her and making incoherent accusations against [the woman] saying she was talking to people overseas and had secret applications on her mobile telephone.”

It is alleged he dragged the woman by her hair along the carpet causing friction burns and losing hair.

It’s further alleged he shoved her across the room before kicking her in the stomach.

“The defendant did this knowing that [the woman] was four weeks pregnant with his child.”

The documents suggest the man used his knee on her throat causing her difficulty breathing.

He grabbed her by the hair and dragged her out of the room.

He put her on the couch and started to go through her phone and demand passwords and passcodes to the woman’s bank and social media accounts.

The documents say he went to the kitchen and took a butcher’s knife and a bread knife and threatened to stab her.

He held the point of the knife at her throat, it’s alleged.

She went to the balcony on the second floor flat and screamed for help and considered jumping to escape.

It is alleged he dragged her back in by the hair and threatened to kill the woman and her family if she went to police.

The documents say that at about 5.30am he allowed her to leave the flat.

On Tuesday, the man entered pleas of not guilty to 11 charges stemming from the alleged incident.

There are three counts of assault occasioning actual bodily harm, three counts of common assault, two counts of choking, and one each of using an offensive weapon, forcible confinement and threat to kill.

He applied for bail but prosecutors said he posed a serious risk to the alleged victim, who had “very very significant fears.”

There was also a risk he would flee to Queensland, the prosecutor said.

The man was on parole at the time of the alleged offences, the court heard.

From the man’s defence solicitor the court heard he worked as a labourer, and was working off bills and paying rent at the Phillip unit. He would lose his job if refused bail, the solicitor said, and he had no family in Canberra who could help him.

Magistrate Peter Morrison refused bail.

At the request of prosecutors Colonel Morrison also made a non-contact order prohibiting the man from communicating with the alleged victim.

The case is next due in court on December 19.

Why one expert says Australia’s second-fastest-growing region is a disaster

Updated October 17, 2017 13:32:20

Gungahlin is one of Australia’s fastest-growing regions, but a leading planning expert says a “disastrous” lack of suitable infrastructure has left the burgeoning town centre feeling the squeeze.

ANU professor Patrick Troy has studied urban planning for 50 years, and does not hold back with his thoughts on Canberra’s northernmost town centre.

“I try not to think of Gungahlin, because I think it’s a disaster,” he said.

“There’s a disconnect between the planning and the actual development.

“The original planning for Gungahlin was on the assumption that there’d be as many jobs in Gungahlin as were people wanting to work.”

According to the most recent census data, Gungahlin is the second-fastest-growing region in Australia, and medium-to-high-density living is becoming increasingly common.

But while housing in the region has boomed, Professor Troy said the need for Gungahlin residents to commute out of the centre for work had not been accounted for with proper infrastructure.

“People living in Gungahlin who still want a job have to travel out of there to find a place to get work, and that’s the tragedy,” he said.

“That was predicted in the planning but the government of the day refused to accept that, and we’re still living with that.”

The construction of light rail from Gungahlin to Civic was a poor attempt to compensate for transport issues, he said.

“It’s not a consolation prize, it’s a stupid decision and it’s a disaster,” Professor Troy said.

“Where does it go? It doesn’t go anywhere, it doesn’t connect logically with anything else.”

Government moving to address ‘growing pains’

Concerns over transport in the town centre has been a long source of annoyance for residents.

“As Canberra’s success has lead to growth, people have simply moved here because that’s where land was available,” Gungahlin Community Council president Peter Elford said.

“The ACT Government are moving very quickly to duplicate a lot of the road infrastructure, but I think you’ll find most residents would suggest that they’re not moving anything like fast enough.

“The roads really are a frustration for every resident that we have to deal with every day, and I think the overwhelming feeling is that why weren’t the roads built with enough capacity to cope with demand upfront?”

But the ACT Government touts Gungahlin as a success story, putting resident concerns down to “growing pains”.

“It’s developing in a way that really fits an aspirational community … we’re really proud of the way it’s coming together,” spokesman Gary Rake said.

“Any area that grows so fast is going to have some growing pains.

“Each of the main roads leading in and out of Gungahlin is being duplicated, and of course Gungahlin is one end of the territory’s biggest investment in public transport with the development of light rail.”

Mr Rake said early planning errors could be traced back to before the existence of the ACT Government.

“Gungahlin was conceptualised before self-government, it was done by the national capital development commission through the 1980s,” he said.

“In hindsight, perhaps the Commonwealth when it had originally laid out Gungahlin before self-government could have looked at these things.”

Topics: urban-development-and-planning, community-and-society, canberra-2600, gungahlin-2912, act, australia

First posted October 17, 2017 13:21:11

PM’s department clears Bruce Billson of breaching ministerial rules

Posted October 16, 2017 13:59:40

An investigation into retired Liberal MP Bruce Billson has cleared him of breaching ministerial guidelines by lobbying his former parliamentary colleagues.

But the former member for Dunkley remains the subject of a separate inquiry into whether his actions constitute a contempt of parliament.

In August, Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull asked the Department of Prime Minister and Cabinet (DPMC) to investigate whether Mr Billson had breached rules preventing former minsters from lobbying new ministers within 18 months of leaving their job.

Mr Billson is now the executive chairman of the Franchise Council of Australia, which lobbied Government MPs for changes to industrial relations legislation that passed through Parliament last month.

Mr Turnbull asked the head of the DPMC, Martin Parkinson, to investigate Mr Billson after a question from the Opposition in Parliament in August.

“Mr Billson assures me that he both understands and has complied with his post-ministerial obligations under the Standards,” Dr Parkinson wrote in a letter to the Prime Minster, dated September 4.

“On the basis of the information available to me, I have no reason to conclude Mr Billson has breached either the Statement of Ministerial Standards or the Lobbying Code of Conduct.”

The DPMC only made Dr Parkinson’s letter public after a request from 7.30.

Mr Billson has not responded to a request for comment about the investigation.

In August, 7.30 revealed that Mr Billson failed to disclose he was receiving a $75,000 per year salary from the Franchise Council of Australia before he left parliament.

The former small businesses minister has since apologised for failing to list the salary on the official register of members’ interests.

The Speaker of the House of Representatives, Tony Smith, has since referred Mr Billson to the powerful Parliamentary Privileges for an investigation into whether he should be found in contempt of parliament.

Past and present MPs found guilty of contempt face potential penalties of six months in prison and a $5,000 fine.

Topics: government-and-politics, political-parties, liberals, australia, canberra-2600

Canberra’s St Vincent de Paul Society expands its night patrol services

Rising homelessness in Canberra’s outer suburbs has promoted the St Vincent de Paul Society to expand its service by adding a new night patrol van.

Chief executive officer of the St Vincent de Paul Society Canberra/Goulburn Barnie​ van Wyk said the mobile service offered warm clothing, hygiene packs, light refreshments as well as friendly faces.

“Over the last year, Vinnies night patrol has supported homeless men, women and children of all ages distributing over 11,000 hygiene packs, warm clothes, or meals,” Mr van Wyk said.

“Particularly during the winter months items including socks, gloves, jackets and beanies are in demand.”

He said about 800 pairs of socks were handed out last winter.

Mr van Wyk said the van was donated by Canberra Toyota and the initiative came after the CEO Sleepout, an event that promotes awareness of homelessness.

“After 16 years of the night patrol servicing the areas of Dickson and the city centre, increased homelessness in the outer suburbs has meant that the need for a second van has become very apparent.”

The current night patrol van services about 30 people a night, but Mr van Wyk said not everyone using the van was homeless.

“You also have people that are experiencing social exclusion…I saw the other night an elderly couple that came through and it was quite clear that they hadn’t had any contact with people. So just coming out and having a little contact helps.”

Mr van Wyk encourages Canberrans to volunteer.

“We have 300 volunteers looking after the the first truck and we would like to have another 300 for the new van.”

For more information visit the website.

Micro gardeners share tips and tricks to help apartment renters keep the gloves on

Updated October 15, 2017 14:26:30

High-density apartment living is on the surge — and downsizers swapping spacious yards for tiny balconies may see no need to pack the garden gloves.

Top five micro-gardening tips

  1. Be creative: Get self-watering pots and a range of boxes to plant into.
  2. Start small: Grow easy vegetables like greens and herbs.
  3. Get a worm farm: This provides instant fertilizer.
  4. Grow upwards: Make trellises and grow things that harvest easily.
  5. Talk to neighbours: Make communal gardens where possible, share resources and tips.

But organisers of a Canberra workshop on gardening in small spaces say anyone can be a green thumb, no matter how small their home is.

The initiative, jointly run by the Canberra Environment Centre and the Tenants’ Union ACT, covered a range of portable gardening ideas for small balconies, courtyards and backyards as well as tricks to keep landlords happy.

Canberra Environment Centre garden coordinator Karina Bontes said she has noticed a new “wave” of younger people wanting to grow their own food.

“A lot of people consider gardening to be something for the over 50s [age group] and there seems to be a resurgence of young people interested in gardening,” Ms Bontes said.

“And I think it’s really amazing that people in the next generation are growing their own food and being interested in cycles of life and what we get on our plates and being passionate about that.

“So I think young people who are renters who are getting into gardening is a really great sign of what’s to come.”

But she said some apartment renters became frustrated with barriers such as minimal space and lighting, causing them to give up gardening efforts without realising there are other options.

“It’s thinking about what kind of things they might be able to grow, doing small scale composting in their backyards, different types of mobile beds like wicking beds or straw bale beds.”

“[Also] vertical gardening, trellising, how to make good soil, how to get good soil, what things might be important in choosing your site.”

Nicola Hearn from the Tenants’ Union ACT said there were ways to be creative with spaces as small as a window sill.

“A big part of what we do is promoting tenants’ ability to feel like their place is their home, that it’s not [something they see as] just an investment property for someone else, owned by a random landlord or property manager,” Ms Hearn said.

“It’s their home, it’s where they live and things like gardens are important so we try and foster that.”

Benefits of being green

Ms Bontes says growing her own food has had a positive impact on her health and general lifestyle.

“I feel like it’s a big form of taking control of your own life,” she said.

“I feel that it gives you many more options than having to shop at a supermarket, when you don’t know necessarily who’s grown what, what they’ve put into it, how far it has had to come to be in the supermarket, and all of those processes.”

“Where as when you grow your own food you know exactly what love has gone into it, what kind of water, what kind of nutrients and you pick it fresh.

“So I feel like it’s a great way for people to be in touch with seasons, with eating seasonally, which I feel has many benefits.”

Topics: gardening, lifestyle-and-leisure, canberra-2600, act, australia

First posted October 15, 2017 12:59:24

Ask Fuzzy: Unpredictable outcomes – now that’s random

Question: What is “random”?

A simplistic definition of “random” is that anything can happen. It’s simplistic but also wrong because it depends on the situation. You can flip a coin and get a heads or tails, but a jack of diamonds makes no sense.

A better definition is that random means you cannot predict the outcome.

There are degrees of random and in the strongest, all options are equally likely because there are no patterns. My Dad was infuriating playing Canasta because he kept track of the cards, and therefore which ones were more likely to come up next. He could do that because the game is not completely random.

The idea of random raises deep philosophical questions, which even has implications for whether the universe has a fixed destiny and therefore whether there’s such a thing as free will. This might be the case if you had perfect knowledge of the state of the universe and the processes that govern it.

If, for example, you could replicate every atom in a person’s body, then exactly replicate a situation, you could predict precisely how they would behave. If you knew the location and energy states of every atom on the planet, you could forecast the local weather at 6.37pm 100 years from now.

Maybe. It’s a tough call and the enemy is the chaos of the wombat effect. A single wombat burrow can nudge the course of water trickling across a watershed. That later becomes a mighty river, changing the shape of a continent. With chaos, the smallest thing can have huge downstream consequences that are unpredictable.

Computers are good at calculations, but genuine random numbers are difficult because they rely on step-by-step algorithms. Given the same starting point, they’ll produce the same result. These are called pseudo random. One novel solution for this uses light from a lava lamp.

Each game on a poker machine is random and the gambler’s myth is that a machine is due to pay, or this one is lucky. They are carefully designed so that every individual game is unrelated to every other.

What is not random is that on average they strip 10 to 15 cents out of every dollar you put in. So $100 becomes $90, and when that’s fed back in, it drops to $81. At that rate, after about 50 $1 games, it’s all gone.

Response by: Rod Taylor, Fuzzy Logic

Brought to you by the Fuzzy Logic science show, 11am Sundays on 2XX 98.3FM. Send your questions to askfuzzy@zoho.com

Peter Greste: Australia ‘succumbed to the rhetoric around terrorism’

Nationalism and xenophobia are bigger risks to Australia than terrorism, says journalist Peter Greste.

“Australia likes to think of itself as the larrikin country, the country that calls a spade a f—ing shovel; straight talking, no bullshit kind of country that had maintained that sort of frontier spirit,” Greste said.

“It feels as though as if we’ve become incredibly bound up by rules and regulations. We’ve succumbed to the rhetoric around terrorism.”

Greste is in Canberra Monday to deliver the key note address at the Australian National University’s Bell School’s Information Wars conference on the back of the launch of his new book, The First Casualty.

In Egypt in 2013, Greste and his Al Jazeera English colleagues Mohamed Fahmy and Baher Mohamed were arrested and charged with threatening national security.

A shambolic, Kafkaesque trial saw Greste spend 400 days in Egyptian prison before being released and deported back to Australia. The unknown foreign correspondent became a household name synonymous with press freedom in Australia.

“[The address] is about saying what happened to us in Egypt was a pretty extreme example of something happening the world over,” Greste said.

“Governments are using national security as an excuse to clamp down on civil liberties and freedom of speech in particular.”

“I absolutely recognise the need and desire for governments and people to be protected from terrorism and extremism, but the problem is one of the reasons we [Australia] are one of the most stable, peaceful, prosperous places on the planet is because we have an open liberal system with all the government checks and balances.”

Greste criticised “draconian” new anti-terrorism laws that allow police detention of 10-year-olds without charge for 14 days.

“The locking up of minors without charge; it’s just ridiculous. What we’re doing is playing directly into the hands of the extremists,” he said.

“The far greater threats are from things like nationalism and xenophobia, where we turn inwards and away from the rest of the world. I think that’s doing far more damage.”

We are in danger of moving our society towards that end of the spectrum and doing the job extremists want us to do

Peter Greste

His new book, part-autobiography, part-essay, looks at the attacks on journalists since the September 11, 2001, attacks in New York.

Interwoven with Greste’s arrest and trial in Egypt – a “bureaucratic hall of mirrors” he prefaces with an excerpt from Franz Kafka’s The Trial – it also ranges from his time starting as a correspondent for the BBC in Afghanistan in 1995, witnessing his colleague Kate Peyton shot dead by unknown attackers in Somalia in 2005 and reflections on Australia’s own legislative attacks on whistleblowers and the media.

In a chapter titled “The Fearful Country”, a play on The Lucky Country, Greste takes aim at Australia’s clamp down on whistleblowers and new mandatory metadata retention laws.

“I’m not suggesting we’re about to become Egypt any time soon … we are in danger of moving our society towards that end of the spectrum and doing the job extremists want us to do.”

He also reflects on the former US President Barack Obama’s administration using the Espionage Act to pursue whistleblowers and current US President Donald Trump’s open hatred of unfavourable media.

“I think there are echoes of that here but I don’t think we’re anywhere near the same point,” Greste said.

“I don’t claim to have all of the answers. I’m raising what I think are some fairly serious questions. I think it will contribute to public debate,” Greste said.

Reservations can be made for the Information Wars conference here.

Top Venezuelan skier avoids jail after assaulting embassy landlord

Updated October 13, 2017 16:55:59

A top Venezuelan skier and world-record holder who punched the landlord of his home country’s embassy in Canberra has been handed a good behaviour order over the assault.

The dispute arose due to growing tensions between embassy staff and the building’s landlord, who chose to blockade entrances to the embassy with vehicles as the spat intensified.

During the blockade, Cesar Baena, 30, got into an altercation with the landlord.

Baena, a champion skier, said he had struck out after being taunted, and the night before the incident the wife of the landlord had driven past and said “bad words” to him.

He then told the court the landlord had refused to move the vehicles, telling Baena he would not be getting what he wanted.

“The way he told me was very provocative,” Baena said.

He also told the court he had felt the man had shown disrespect for his country.

In court today, Baena told the court if he had a conviction against his name his international skiing career would be over, as it would limit his ability to travel.

Magistrate Peter Morrison handed him an 18-month good behaviour order, but did not record a conviction.

Outside court, Baena apologised for his actions.

“It’s not something to be done as a public figure and I do accept that it was wrong,” he said.

“I think we have another chance to do the right thing and inspire communities.

“I would like to say sorry … I’m very sorry for what I did, it’s not the way I am.”

Baena was in Australia at the time for ski races and training during the winter months.

He said another reason he was in Australia was the opportunity to practise roller skiing, an activity for which he had been a Guinness Book of Records holder.

Topics: courts-and-trials, law-crime-and-justice, winter-sports, canberra-2600, act, australia, venezuela

First posted October 13, 2017 16:34:29